In some parts of the United States, the number of dogs with positive tests for Lyme disease is high. In the Northeast, as many as 50% of the dogs tested are found to be positive.
However, of those, a large percentage 85-95% will never show signs of disease.
Protect Your Family and Your Dog from Lyme disease
Retired racing greyhounds may suffer from chronic, undetected infections and should be checked for Ehrlichiosis and other tick-borne diseases when adopted.
The symptoms and severity of illness seen with Ehrlichiosis depends on the species involved and the immune system of the dog. Generally, Erlichia appears to produce the most severe illness, and infections tend to progress through various stages.
SIGNS & SYMPTOMS TO PAY ATTENTION TO:
loss of appetite
abnormal bleeding (e.g., nosebleeds, bleeding under skin — looks like little spots or patches of bruising)
enlarged lymph nodes
pain and stiffness (due to arthritis and muscle pain)
discharge from the eyes and/or nose
vomiting and diarrhea
inflammation of the eye
neurological symptoms ( incoordination, depression, paralysis, etc.)
NOTE: Anaplasma causes recurrent low platelet counts but tends to produce only mild symptoms.
It can be difficult to confirm a diagnosis of Ehrlichiosis.
TREATMENT OF EHRLICHIOSIS
*****Reinfection is possible as immunity to Ehrlichia bacteria is not long lasting*****
BABESIA INFECTIONS IN PETS
Babesia occurs in dogs and other species, and is transmitted mainly by ticks. Babesia are protozoal parasites that attack blood cells, though the severity of illness varies depending on the species of Babesia involved, as well as the immune system of the infected dog.
Babesia is most common in warmer weather when ticks are most numerous.
Infections are also possible through blood transfusions, and in the case of one Babesia species (Babesia gibsoni), dog-to-dog transmission via bite wounds is thought to be a mode of transmission. Mothers can also pass Babesia to their pups before birth.
Babesia infections occur worldwide in areas where the ticks that carry the disease are common. While any dog can be infected, young dogs tend to suffer more serious illness. Greyhounds, pit bull terriers, and American Staffordshire terriers seem to be most susceptible to infection (Greyhounds with a strain of Babesia canis, and terriers with Babesia gibsoni).
Signs and symptoms may include:
TREATMENT OF BABESIA PETS
A variety of drugs have been used to treat Babesia, with variable success.
Both have a range of side effects which can be quite severe.
A NEWER COMBINATION OF MEDICINES:
Azithromycin & Atovaquone, is promising, though expensive.
In severe cases, blood transfusions may be necessary.
Treatment relieves the symptoms of babesiosis, but it does not fully clear the parasite from the body.
Dogs may remain infected at a low level, and Babesia can flare up again due to stress or reduced immune system.
Dogs that have been diagnosed should not be bred or used as blood donors (to prevent spreading disease).
Also in severe cases, multiple organ systems may be affected:
Sometimes dogs suffer a very acute form of Babesiosis and suddenly go into shock and collapse.
PLEASE NOTE: This article has been provided for informational purposes only. If your pet is showing any signs of illness, please consult a veterinarian as quickly as possible.